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12 posts from April 2013

Current state of formats and platforms

Remember the old days when PDF was pretty much the only way to distribute content and those PDFs were read on computer screens? PDF still lives, of course, but now we're also faced with offering content in mobi and EPUB formats for consumption on a variety of platforms and devices.

SPi Global released a free whitepaper this week that covers the current state of formats and platforms. It's called Demystifying the King: Making Content Available to All and you can download it here.

I like the quote on page 2 from Sara Domville about how we live in a "content explosion model" where "content has broken free of constraints and can be used in multiple ways." Many publishers are still struggling with converting print to digital and probably haven't fully thought through the opportunities in repurposing their content as Sara suggests. They're also asking themselves the important question posed on page 3 of the whitepaper: What is the most efficient way to bring content to market?

The legacy of PDF is evident later in the document where we read that 73% of publishers responding to an SPi Global survey say they're distributing in Adobe's format while only 60-64% are distributing in mobi or EPUB formats. So there are still a number of publishers who are in the ebook marketplace with PDFs only, obviously missing out on the largest retail opportunities at Amazon, Google, B&N, Kobo, etc.

On page 8 we read, "publishers want more readers supporting EPUB 3 functionalities so more adoption and budget can be put into developing EPUB 3 files." And I'll bet if reader app vendors were polled they'd say they're waiting for publishers to produce more content that takes full advantage of EPUB 3 features before investing their development resources to support it. The classic chicken-and-egg scenario.

If you're looking for a quick overview on what's going on in the world of formats and platforms you should download this whitepaper. It also has several other interesting stats on where the market is today as well as where we might be heading.


Goodreads + Amazon: Winners and losers

I decided to wait a few days before writing about Amazon's acquisition of Goodreads. I wanted to let the dust settle before weighing in with my own opinion. Now that I've had some time to mull it over, here's what I think: This has the potential to be a game-changer that could be the next, and possibly final, nail in the coffins of other ebook retailers...but only if Amazon actually does something with the Goodreads platform.

I first have to say that I'm very disappointed that such a great service will no longer be independent. The acquisition makes a ton of sense for Amazon, of course. In the sporting spirit of the best defense being a great offense, Amazon gobbled it up before someone else did. Shame on those other ebook platforms for not jumping in first though. The combination of, say, Google and Goodreads might have finally put Google on the ebook map. That assumes Google even cares about ebooks though, which is a debatable.

What about B&N? While they're focusing on possibly splitting the company and the future of Nook device production they just saw a terrific acquisition candidate disappear.

Another interesting scenario that will now never be is the Goodreads and Readmill combination. See Craig Mod's thinking on that here.

Let's get past all that though and consider what might happen next now that Goodreads is an Amazon property.

I got to spend some time with Goodreads CEO Otis Chandler at TOC NY in February. We talked about how I use Goodreads to record purchases and rate books I've read, but that I never use it for book discovery. Based on his reaction I got the impression I'm not alone. It wouldn't surprise me to learn that many (most?) Goodreads members track their purchases and ratings there but don't use it as a discovery tool.

So how will this change under Amazon?

Let's remember that this isn't Amazon's first investment in this space. They already own Shelfari and they've got an investment stake in LibraryThing. I haven't seen technology from either of those companies integrated into the Amazon catalog though, have you? Maybe Amazon was just waiting to acquire the biggest player, Goodreads, before adding this type of functionality to their website. After all, whoever wins the discovery war ultimately sells more products and is crowned the winner.

For a glimpse of what the future might hold, take a look at slides 27 and 28 from the presentation Otis made at TOC NY. Those statistics on slide 27 show that when most readers finish a book they want to learn more about similar books and what else that author has written. IOW, they're open to being pitched on what to buy next. They also want to discuss the book with their friends and read other people's reviews. Meanwhile, as Otis showed on slide 28, what readers get at the end of the book serves none of those interests.

Now imagine that same, static back-of-book ad on slide 28 becomes the Goodreads platform, right inside your ebook. That's a nice enhancement for the consumer and it will drive a lot more ebook purchases for Amazon. It also opens up a huge can of worms.

Does Amazon, or any ebook retailer, have the right to insert something like this in the ebooks they sell? Would they have to get the publisher's permission before doing so? After all, those other titles recommended at the end of the book (or maybe throughout while it's being read) via this new integrated service will likely come from a variety of publishers. Does publisher X really want to see publisher Y's ebooks promoted in their products?

As I mentioned at the start, this is all predicated on Amazon actually doing something with Goodreads, not just hoarding the platform. Remember the original Kindle from 2007? Compare the reading experience of that to what you have on today's Kindles and Kindle apps and I think you'll agree there's been very little innovation in the past 5+ years. Yes, there are new devices, but the reading app itself hasn't changed much.

By integrating Goodreads into Kindle devices and apps Amazon has a tremendous opportunity to enhance their platform in a way the competition simply won't be able to touch. No, it doesn't change how an ebook is read, but we're talking about a significant impact it could have on further reinforcing Amazon's leadership position and driving more ebook revenue.

Years ago I exported my ratings and reviews from LibraryThing and imported them into Goodreads. At the time Goodreads was a terrific independent platform with lots of momentum. It's still a great service today and I'm sure it will continue to be solid within Amazon, but where can I go now for a service that's still platform-independent? And since there's no guarantee that today's independent provider won't be tomorrow's Amazon acquisition, maybe it's time to accept the fact that platform independence is nothing more than a myth.